Tips for a Safe and Healthy Life

Eat healthy

  • Eat a variety of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains every day.
  • Limit foods and drinks high in calories, sugar, salt, fat, and alcohol.
  • Eat a balanced diet to help keep a healthy weight.

Be Active

  • Be active for at least 2½ hours a week. Include activities that raise your breathing and heart rates and that strengthen your muscles.
  • Help kids and teens be active for at least 1 hour a day. Include activities that raise their breathing and heart rates and that strengthen their muscles and bones.
  • Physical activity helps to:
    • Maintain weight
    • Reduce high blood pressure
    • Reduce risk for type 2 diabetes, heart attack, stroke, and several forms of cancer
    • Reduce arthritis pain and associated disability
    • Reduce risk for osteoporosis and falls
    • Reduce symptoms of depression and anxiety

Protect yourself and your family.

  • Wear helmets, seat belts, sunscreen, and insect repellent.
  • Wash hands to stop the spread of germs.
  • Avoid smoking and breathing other people’s, or (second hand), smoke.
  • Build safe and healthy relationships with family and friends.
  • Be ready for emergencies. Gather emergency supplies. Make a plan. Be informed.

Manage stress.

  • Balance work, home, and play.
  • Get support from family and friends.
  • Stay positive.
  • Take time to relax.
  • Get 7-9 hours of sleep each night. Make sure kids get more, based on their age.
  • Get help or counseling if needed.

Get check-ups.

  • Ask your doctor or nurse how you can lower your risk for health problems.
  • Find out what exams, tests, and shots you need and when to get them.
  • See your doctor or nurse for regular check-ups and as often as directed. Get seen if you feel sick, have pain, notice changes, or have problems with medicine.